Which terror groups are banned under UK law and why have Scottish Dawn and NS131 been added to the list?

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HOME Secretary Amber Rudd has added Scottish Dawn and NS131 to the list of terror groups banned in the UK after they were found to be aliases of National Action.

But who are National Action and what other terror groups are outlawed? Here’s all you need to know.

 Members of National Action at a demo before the group was banned as a terrorist organisation

PA
Members of National Action at a demo before the group was banned as a terrorist organisation

Why have terror groups Scottish Dawn and NS131 been banned in the UK?

Far-right error groups Scottish Dawn and NS131 have been banned by Home Secretary Amber Rudd.

The Neo-Nazi groups were outlawed after they were identified as aliases of National Action.

When the order comes into effect on September 29 being a member of or inviting support for the organisations will be a criminal offence.

On its website Scottish dawn had claimed it was a “patriotic society for the defence of our race and nation active across Scotland”.

Why was National Action banned?

National Action was the first extreme right-wing group to be banned under terrorism laws in December 2016.

In the official list of proscribed groups, National Action is described as a “racist neo-Nazi group” that was established in 2013.

It is “virulently racist, anti-Semitic and homophobic” and its activities and propaganda materials are particularly aimed at recruiting young people, according to the document.

National Action describes itself as a “National Socialist youth organisation” and says its movement is aimed at the “broken right-wing”.

A statement on its website says: “We carry out demonstrations, publicity stunts, and other activities in order to grow and spread our message, that of National Socialism.”

In the months before the ban, National Action had praised terrorist killer Thomas Mair, who shot and stabbed the Labour MP Jo Cox to death in June 2016.

Home Secretary Amber Rudd said: “National Action is a vile, racist, homophobic and anti-Semitic group which glorifies violence and stirs up hatred while promoting their poisonous ideology, and I will not allow them to masquerade under different names.”

On September 27 cops detained 11 men suspected of being members of the far right Neo-Nazi group.

What is the penalty for membership of a banned terror organisation?

Being a member of, or inviting support for a banned terror organisation is a criminal offence carrying a sentence of up to 10 years in prison.

Arranging or assisting in arrange a meeting of a banned group or speaking to a meeting can also be punished with a decade long prison term.

Wearing clothing or carrying something that arouses suspicion you are a member or supporter of a banned group is punishable by six months inside or a fine of up to £5,000.

Any group can be banned by the Home Secretary if she believes it is concerned in terrorism.

This includes committing a terrorist act, preparing a terrorist act, encouraging terrorism, or being otherwise concerned in terrorism.

Two British soldiers charged with being members of neo-Nazi group National Action and terror offences

What other terror groups are banned under UK law?

  • 17 November Revolutionary Organisation (N17)
  • Abdallah Azzam Brigades, including the Ziyad al Jarrah Battalions (AAB)
  • Abu Nidal Organisation
  • Abu Sayyaf
  • Ajnad Misr
  • Al-Gama’a al-Islamiyya
  • Al Ghurabaa
  • Al-Itihaad al-Islamiya
  • Al Murabitun
  • Al Qa’ida
  • Al-Shabaab
  • Ansar al-Islam
  • Ansar al-Sharia-Benghazi
  • Ansar Al Sharia Tunisia
  • Ansar Al Sunna
  • Ansar Bayt al Maqdis
  • Ansarul Muslimina Fi Biladis Sudan (Vanguard for the protection of Muslims in Black Africa)
  • Armed Islamic Group
  • Asbat al-Ansar
  • Babbar Khalsa
  • Balochistan Liberation Army
  • Egyptian Islamic Jihad
  • Global Islamic Media Front
  • Groupe Islamique Combattant Marocain
  • Hamas
  • Harkat-ul-Jihad ul-Islami
  • Harkat-ul-Jihad ul-Islami (Bangladesh)
  • Harakat-Ul-Mujahideen
  • Harakat Mujahideen
  • Haqqani Network
  • Hizballah Military Wing
  • Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin
  • Imarat Kavkaz
  • Indian Mujahideen
  • Islamic Army of Aden
  • Islamic Jihad Union
  • Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan
  • Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant
  • Jaish-e-Mohammed
  • Jamaah Anshorut Daulah
  • Jamaat ul-Ahrar
  • Jammat-ul Mujahideen Bangladesh
  • Jamaat Ul-Furquan
  • Jaysh al Khalifatu Islamiya
  • Jemaah Islamiyah
  • Jund al-Aqsa
  • Jund al Khalifa-Algeria
  • Kateeba al Kawthar
  • Partiya Karkeren Kurdistani
  • Lashkar e Tayyaba
  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam
  • Libyan Islamic Fighting Group
  • Minbar Ansar Deen
  • Mujahidin Indonesia Timur
  • National Action
  • NS131
  • Palestinian Islamic Jihad
  • Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command
  • Revolutionary Peoples’ Liberation Party
  • Salafist Group for Call and Combat
  • Saved Sect
  • Scottish Dawn
  • Sipah-e Sahaba Pakistan
  • Tehrik Nefaz-e Shari’at Muhammadi
  • Tehrik-e Taliban Pakistan
  • Teyre Azadiye Kurdistan
  • Turkestan Islamic Party
  • Turkiye Halk Kurtulus Partisi-Cephesi

Banned groups linked to Northern Ireland terror

  • Continuity Army Council
  • Cumann na mBan
  • Fianna na hEireann
  • Irish National Liberation Army
  • Irish People’s Liberation Organisation
  • Irish Republican Army
  • Loyalist Volunteer Force
  • Orange Volunteers
  • Red Hand Commando
  • Saor Eire
  • Ulster Defence Association
  • Ulster Freedom Fighters
  • Ulster Volunteer Force

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