EACH and every year the clocks in Britain change by an hour – with people either losing or gaining an hour of sleep.
In 2017 the clocks went forward into British Summer Time (BST) on March 26. But when do they go back? Here’s what you need to know…
Why do the clocks go forward for British Summer Time?
BST came into existence with the Summer Time Act, passed by Parliament in 1916.
Germany was the first country to adopt the clock-changing plan on April 30, 1916, and on May 21, Britain followed suit, during the height of the First World War.
The campaign which led to the creation of BST and Daylight Savings Time (DST) was started by William Willett in 1907 in a bid to stop people wasting valuable hours of light in the summer months.
In summer the sun rises and sets one hour later than it would without DST.
In a pamphlet called ‘The Waste of Daylight’ Willett suggested clocks should be advanced by 80 minutes over four stages in April, and reversed the same way in September.
Supporters at the time of the proposal argued the scheme would save energy by reducing domestic coal consumption.
They also said it would increase supplies available for the huge manufacturing cost of the war effort.
It has been in place ever since – despite criticism from some groups.
Have I gained or lost an hour of sleep?
When the clocks went forward in March we lost an hour of sleep – which means come October 29 Brits will get an extra hour in bed on Sunday morning!
The clocks will go back one hour at 2am on Sunday morning. But be aware, while your smartphone and other internet-connected devices will automatically update, many clocks in your home and car will not.
So it is best to do a check of your watches and clocks when you wake up on Sunday to avoid turning up an hour early for whatever you might be doing that day.
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