THE Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded to many of history’s most iconic figures like Nelson Mandela, Martin Luther King and Mother Theresa.
The first winners in 1901 were Henry Dunant, for his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross, and Frederic Passy, the main organiser of the Universal Peace Congress.
Who won the Nobel Peace Prize last year?
Last year’s winner was Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos. The Norwegian Nobel Committee awarded the statesman for his work in striking a peace deal with Marxist rebels Farc, which has been engaged in a bloody civil war for over fifty years.
It’s estimated more than 200,000 people have been killed in the conflict.
Harvard-educated Santos said he was “overwhelmed” and “grateful” to have won the iconic prize.
Who else has won it in the last decade?
Malala Yousafzai from Pakistan is a passionate advocate for female education who was shot in the head by a masked gunman in October 2012. She was 15 at the time.
In 2014 and aged just 17, Malala was a co-recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, receiving the award for her against the suppression of children and young people and for the right of all children to education.
In 2009 President Barack Obama won it for his “extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples.” It was nine months after his inauguration.
What other famous Nobel Peace Prize winners are there?
In 1964 Martin Luther King Jr was awarded the prize for his civil rights campaigning.
He was nominated for being “first person in the Western world to have shown us that a struggle can be waged without violence.”
King spent his time working in various areas of the civil rights movement; from equal education to economic disenfranchisement of minorities. King also organized the March on Washington, where he gave his famous “I Have a Dream Speech”.
In 1979 Mother Teresa, known in the Catholic Church as Saint Teresa of Calcutta, won for Missionaries of Charity, a Roman Catholic religious congregation which had over 4,500 sisters and was active in 133 countries in 2012. It provides homes for people dying of HIV/AIDS, leprosy and tuberculosis’ soup kitchens, clinics and schools.
Aung San Suu Kyi won it in 1991, for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights in Burma. However, there have been calls to strip her of the title after she failed to speak out more strongly and stop the violence against Rohingya Muslims.
Full list of winners since 1960
2016: Juan Manuel Santos (Colombia)
2015: The National Dialogue Quartet (Tunisia)
2014: Kailash Satyarthi (India) and Malala Yousafzai (Pakistan)
2013: The Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW)
2012: The European Union (EU)
2011: Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Leymah Gbowee (Liberia), Tawakkul Karman (Yemen)
2010: Liu Xiaobo (China)
2009: Barack Obama (US)
2008: Martti Ahtisaari (Finland)
2007: Al Gore (US) and the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
2006: Muhammad Yunus (Bangladesh) and the Grameen Bank
2005: International Atomic Energy Agency and Mohamed ElBaradei (Egypt)
2004: Wangari Maathai (Kenya)
2003: Shirin Ebadi (Iran)
2002: Jimmy Carter (US)
2001: Kofi Annan (Ghana) and the United Nations
2000: Kim Dae Jung (South Korea)
1999: Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors Without Borders)
1998: John Hume and David Trimble (Northern Ireland)
1997: Jody Williams (US) and the International Campaign to Ban Landmines
1996: Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo and Jose Ramos-Horta (East Timor)
1995: Joseph Rotblat (Britain) and the Pugwash movement
1994: Yitzhak Rabin, Shimon Peres (Israel) and Yasser Arafat (PLO)
1993: Nelson Mandela and Frederik de Klerk (South Africa)
1992: Rigoberta Menchu (Guatemala)
1991: Aung San Suu Kyi (Burma)
1990: Mikhail Gorbachev (Soviet Union)
1989: Dalai Lama (Tibet)
1988: United Nations Peacekeeping Forces
1987: Oscar Arias Sanchez (Costa Rica)
1986: Elie Wiesel (US)
1985: International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War
1984: Desmond Tutu (South Africa)
1983: Lech Walesa (Poland)
1982: Alva Myrdal (Sweden) and Alfonso Garcia Robles (Mexico)
1981: Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
1980: Adolfo Perez Esquivel (Argentina)
1979: Mother Teresa (Albania)
1978: Anwar Sadat (Egypt) and Menachem Begin (Israel)
1977: Amnesty International
1976: Betty Williams (Britain) and Mairead Corrigan (Northern Ireland)
1975: Andrei Sakharov (Soviet Union)
1974: Sean MacBride (Ireland) and Eisaku Sato (Japan)
1973: Henry Kissinger (US) and Le Duc Tho (Vietnam, declined)
1972: prize not handed out
1971: Willy Brandt (Germany)
1970: Norman Borlaug (US)
1969: International Labour Organisation
1968: Rene Cassin (France)
1967: prize not handed out
1966: prize not handed out
1965: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
1964: Martin Luther King Jr (US)
1963: International Committee of the Red Cross and the League of Red Cross Societies
1962: Linus Carl Pauling (US)
1961: Dag Hammarskjoeld (Sweden)
1960: Albert Lutuli (South Africa)