A prestigious Japanese medical college has confessed to systematically rigging its entrance exams in opposition to girls, in a scandal that has highlighted the nation’s deep drawback with gender discrimination.
An inside investigation discovered that Tokyo Medical College had for greater than a decade subtracted marks from feminine candidates in a deliberate effort to supply extra male medical doctors, and falsified exams to assist particular people.
The revelations have shocked the nation and turned a highlight on plenty of different Japanese universities that admit a suspiciously small variety of girls.
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They present an ingrained tradition of sexism in Japan, which is caught at 114 out of 144 on the World Financial Discussion board’s rankings of gender inequality, regardless of frequent boasts from Prime Minister Shinzo Abe about his programme of “womenomics” geared toward boosting feminine participation within the office.
The manipulation at Tokyo Medical solely got here to mild after prosecutors started a corruption investigation in opposition to college officers for allegedly admitting the son of a senior bureaucrat in return for presidency grants to the college.
“Now we have prompted a large amount of hassle to everybody and betrayed the belief of society,” mentioned Tetsuo Yukioka, managing director of the college. “I apologize from my coronary heart.”
Mr. Yukioka mentioned the marking down of feminine candidates “completely” mustn’t have occurred. He vowed to eradicate the follow and mentioned the college was contemplating “in all sincerity” what to do about previous feminine candidates who misplaced out on locations.
For the essential essay part of this yr’s entrance examination, which was marked out of 100, Tokyo Medical College first subtracted 20 p.c from all marks. Then it gave 20 bonus marks to males who had taken the examination 3 times or much less. So if a lady and a person had each taken the examination and scored 70 out of 100, the girl was given a rating of 56 whereas the person was given a rating of 76.
“This will solely be described as severe discrimination in opposition to girls and it deserves robust criticism,” mentioned the college’s inside report.
Feminine medical doctors mentioned they had been outraged by the college’s practices however not shocked. “I first heard rumours about universities marking down feminine college students 10 years in the past,” mentioned Ruriko Tsushima, a health care provider and member of the Japan Joint Affiliation of Medical Skilled Ladies.
The proportion of ladies admitted to Japanese medical colleges rose steadily till 2003 when it peaked at 33.eight p.c, however has remained broadly steady since.
Whereas Japanese girls have a better cross charge on entrance exams for nearly each different college topic, together with physics and engineering, in medication the cross charge is 6.85 p.c for males and 5.91 p.c for ladies.
Dr. Tsushima mentioned her group had been attempting to attract consideration to the low cross charge for feminine candidates however bought little consideration earlier than the scandal broke. “In a method we must always thank Tokyo Medical College for bringing this to mild,” she mentioned.
Individuals linked to Tokyo Medical have informed native media that the explanation the exams had been rigged was that girls usually tend to stop the career once they have youngsters. They mentioned this created an insupportable burden for already overworked medical doctors, and the college was inside its authorized rights to decide on who it accepts.
That was not an ample excuse, mentioned Dr. Tsushima. “If medical doctors are having to work lengthy hours to cowl maternity go away, that’s not an issue with the aptitude of feminine medical doctors, it’s a drawback with the system,” she mentioned.
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Supply hyperlink – https://www.cnbc.com/2018/08/09/japanese-medical-school-admits-rigging-exams-to-favor-men.html